A permit issued by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources is required to drill a well in Illinois. Permits may be issued for various types of wells including oil production, gas production, water injection, salt water disposal, water supply, observation, gas storage, service well, or geological study. Two laws govern the issuance of permits in Illinois, the Illinois Oil and Gas Act and the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act. As of August, 2014, oil and gas permits are being issued only under the provisions of the Illinois Oil and Gas Act, as administrative rules are not yet in place for issuance of permits under the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act. Issuance of drilling permits must meet all statutory and administrative rule provisions prior to issuance. Drilling companies pay a nominal fee ($100 per permit) under the Illinois Oil and Gas Act. When permits can be issued under the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act, a non-refundable permit fee of $13,500 will be required. See also Oil and Gas Act and Hydraulic Fracturing Regulatory Act.